India has always been a land of agriculture. From worshipping, Goddess Annpurna, the holy deity of food and nourishment, to becoming the country whose primary source of income is agriculture, India has come a long way. Just like its culture, Indian agriculture is also very diverse and highly sustainable. Once, Mr. ML Swaminathan, the father of India’s Green Revolution affirmed that if agriculture fails in the country everything else will fail and he is absolutely right about it. Importance of agriculture can be depicted in a very simple way ‘people need to eat for survival and they definitely like to eat good’ that’s why our agriculture sector and food sector are soaring high. Indian Agriculture has achieved ample of milestones in its long journey and we are nothing but proud to be a part of such prolific country. Now that we are on the topic, it would be fascinating so know some interesting facts about Indian agriculture.
- Indian agriculture is an important component of political campaigns. Since more than 50%of the population is engaged in agriculture, they form the largest vote bank.
- We celebrate agriculture like no other country. Baisakhi, Onam, Pongal, Makar Sankranti are examples of harvest festivals of India.
- Indian agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy as it ranks second in the world agriculture produce and belongs to top 10 countries for agricultural export.
- India is the largest importer, consumer and producer of pulses.
- India is also the largest producer of milk, bananas, castor oil seeds, millets and jute.
- India is the second largest producer of rice, wheat, sugarcane, groundnuts, tea and cotton.
- Indian is the third largest producer of fertilizers and second largest consumer as well.
- India has the second largest irrigation land in the world.
- Ground water is the primary source of irrigation in India followed by long networks of canals.
- India’s agriculture is not limited to production of crops but it has been multifaceted with animal husbandry and horticulture.
- India has the highest number of organic farmers in the world.
India’s agriculture scenario goes way back till Indus valley civilization and has been subjected to lots of ups and downs. One of the major downfalls of the sector was witnessed during the time of India’s independence. Although after independence, various policies and initiatives were taken to improve the crippling condition of Indian agriculture but they failed to achieve the desired goals.
There must be an initiative to find out the key collapsing areas which pose a threat to effective implementation of policies and proposals for the growth of the agriculture in India. It is in immediate need of a collaborative approach of the Central government and the State governments on a primary basis to meet the major deficiency and hurdles involved in the sector.
The Government should also find out the best alternatives of uneven weather conditions like drought, flood, hailstorm etc. in order to make Indian agriculture survive because India is expected to achieve the ambitious objective of increasing the farm income by 2022. The agriculture sector of India is expected to bring about a momentum in the next few years due to increase in investment.
Indian agriculture sector has tremendous amount of potential to contribute more to its GDP but due to various factors, it remains as an activity for living only. The role of agriculture should not be limited to improving food and nutritional security but it should be treated like the backbone it is for the economy. It creates job and income growth in the sectors – manufacture and services which already fuels the engine of India.
Now, the Government has taken measures to educate the farmers. Agriculture colleges and universities have been set up. They provide all sorts of knowledge regarding agricultural science to the young farm students. These colleges and universities organize orientations and seminars for the farmers.
It is acknowledged that every effort is being made to develop our agriculture and boost the agriculture production. The government is doing its every bit to help the farmers and provide them with latest technologies and facilities so that the cultivation becomes less laborious.
Indian agricultural system is an example of sustainable agriculture for the whole world. Highlighting this unique, low cost and diverse farming system globally will help to portray India as an agriculturally vibrant economy and a leader in the domain.
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